**Light - Reflection and Refraction:**- Reflection of light by curved surfaces.
- Formation of images by spherical mirrors and lenses.
- Refraction of light and its applications.

**Human Eye and Colourful World::**- Structure and functioning of the human eye.
- Refraction of light through a prism.
- Dispersion of light and formation of a spectrum.

**Electricity:**- Electric current and circuit.
- Ohm's law and its limitations.
- Resistors in series and parallel.
- Heating effects of electric current.

**Magnetic Effects of Electric Current:**- Magnetic field and field lines.
- Magnetic field due to a current-carrying conductor.
- Electromagnetic induction.

**Sources of Energy:**- Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy.
- Renewable and non-renewable sources.

**Chemical Reactions and Equations:**- Chemical equations and balancing.
- Types of chemical reactions.
- Effects of oxidation reactions.

**Acids, Bases, and Salts:**- Acids, bases, and their properties.
- pH scale and its importance.
- Chemical reactions of acids and bases.

**Metals and Non-Metals:**- Properties of metals and non-metals.
- Reactivity series.
- Extraction of metals.

**Carbon and its Compounds:**- Bonding in carbon compounds.
- Homologous series.
- Nomenclature of carbon compounds.

**Periodic Classification of Elements:**- Mendeleev's periodic table.
- Modern periodic table.
- Trends in the modern periodic table.

**Life Processes:**- Nutrition, respiration, and transportation in plants and animals.
- Excretion in plants and animals.
- Control and coordination in animals.

**Control and Coordination:**- Nervous system.
- Endocrine system.
- Hormones and their functions.

**How Do Organisms Reproduce?**- Modes of reproduction.
- Sexual reproduction in humans.
- Reproduction in plants.

**Heredity and Evolution:**- Heredity and Mendel's laws.
- Evolution by natural selection.
- Evidences of evolution.

**Real Numbers:**- Properties of rational and irrational numbers.
- Euclid's division lemma.

**Polynomials:**- Division of polynomials.
- Factorization of polynomials.

**Linear Equations in Two Variables:**- Pair of linear equations in two variables.
- Graphical method of solution.

**Quadratic Equations:**- Standard form of a quadratic equation.
- Solutions of quadratic equations.

**Arithmetic Progressions:**- Introduction to arithmetic progressions.
- nth term of an A.P.
- Sum of first n terms of an A.P.

**Triangles:**- Similarity of triangles.
- Criteria for similarity.
- Basic proportionality theorem.

**Coordinate Geometry:**- Distance formula.
- Section formula.
- Area of a triangle.

**Introduction to Trigonometry:**- Trigonometric ratios.
- Trigonometric identities.

**Statistics and Probability:**- Mean, median, and mode of grouped data.
- Probability and its basic rules.